Motor Shield

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The Motor Shield is a perfect platform for robotics and mechanical applications. It enables the Arduino to drive two brushed DC motors or one 4-wire two-phase stepper motor. Based on the H-bridge driver Chip L298N motor driver integrated circuit, it requires a 6V to 15V power supply to power the motor and also includes an on-board 5V voltage regulator for powering the main Arduino board. Additional plug and play 2.00mm spacing Grove sensors can be connected to the 13 on-board Grove connectors.




  • Standard Arduino compatible
  • Pulse-width modulated speed control mode
  • 4 direction indicator lights
  • Compatible with 2.00mm spacing Grove plug and play sensors
  • Extra large heat sink helps handle big loads
  • Supports up to 14 servos


The Driver IC and Heat sink may become very hot when working with current more than 1000mA.


Item Min Typical Max Unit
Logic Control Voltage 4.5 5 5.5 V
Motor Supply Voltage 6 / 15 V
Output Voltage 0 / Vinput -1 V
Output Current( For Each Channel) / / 2000 * mA
Output Duty range 0%~100% /
Dimension 68.5x54.5x29.5 mm
Net Weight 37 g

* Recommend maximum duty <50% at full load

Interface Function

Pin Name Direction Connection to Arduino Description
VCC / VCC Power supply selector
VS, GND / / Power Supply for Motor, 6V - 15V
EA Input D9 TTL Compatible Enable Input of Bridge A
EB Input D10 TTL Compatible Enable Input of Bridge B
IN1 Input D8 TTL Compatible Inputs of the Bridge A
IN2 Input D11 TTL Compatible Inputs of the Bridge A
IN3 Input D12 TTL Compatible Inputs of the Bridge B
IN4 Input D13 TTL Compatible Inputs of the Bridge B
M1-, M1+ Output / Outputs of the Bridge A
M2-, M2+ Output / Outputs of the Bridge B



Motor shield.jpg

Enable Motor B jumper: Connect above two interfaces with a jumper cap when driving the DC motor A.

Enable Motor A jumper: Connect below two interfaces with a jumper cap when driving the DC motor B.

Power supply select jumper: Connect with a jumper cap, Arduino can be powered by the drive voltage via a on-board voltage regulator, which regulate the drive voltage to 5v.

Hardware Installation

Connect DC motor to the motor shield Output Pins M1+& M1-(M2+& M2-), if using a 4-wire stepper motor, make sure the 4 Pins are correctly connected. And connect the drive voltage (The voltage needed is upon the motor used, Refer to the motor datasheet) to the Power supply terninals.

Motor shield and Arduino.jpg

As the jumper J4 inserted, Arduino can be powered by the drive voltage via a on-board voltage regulator, which regulate the drive voltage to 5v.


Download the Motor shield Demo code and open the Motor_shield_demo_code sketch. Select the corresponding Arduino board in tools-boards and serial port in tools-serial port.


Upload the sketch to your arduino board, then you would found the 2 motors begin to work. If you power the motor shield via the power terminal and the power jumper J4 was inserted, you can remove the USB cable now. Speed control is achieved through conventional PWM which can be obtained from Arduino's PWM output D9(EA) and D10(EB). Using the function analogWrite() to generate the drive PWM:

int speedpinA=9;//enable motor A
int speedpinB=10;//enable motor B
int spead =127;//define the spead of motor
analogWrite(speedpinA,spead);//AnalogWrite to Generate PWM to control the motor speed

And Set the Digital D8(IN1) and D11(IN2) to control the motor attached to OUT1/2, while digital D12(IN3) and D13(IN4) to control motor attached to OUT3/4.

int pinI1=8;//define I1 interface
int pinI2=11;//define I2 interface 
digitalWrite(pinI2,HIGH);//turn DC Motor A move clockwise

Follows the logic between EA(B) and INx with motor motion:

EA(B) IN1(IN3) IN2(IN4) Motion of MotorA(B)
0 x x Stop
1 0 0 Stop
1 0 1 Clockwise
1 1 0 Anticlockwise
1 1 1 Stop

<syntaxhighlight lang="c"> /*

LinkSprite Stepper Motor Control - one revolution

Adapts the Stepper example for use with the inkSprite motor shield.
This program drives a unipolar or bipolar stepper motor
by using the included Stepper library of the Arduino.
The motor is attached to the inkSprite motor shield and an Arduino.

The digital pins 8,11,12,13 drive the L298N and are used when creating the stepper object
Digital pins 9 and 10 must be high to enable the chip.

The motor should revolve one revolution in one direction, then
one revolution in the other direction. 


  1. include <Stepper.h>

const int stepsPerRevolution = 200; // change this to fit the number of steps per revolution // for your motor

// initialize the stepper library on pins 8 through 11: Stepper myStepper(stepsPerRevolution, 8,11,12,13);

void setup() {

 // set the speed at 60 rpm:
 // initialize the serial port:


void loop() {

 // step one revolution  in one direction:

step one revolution in the other direction:


} </syntaxhighlight>


How to buy

Here to buy Motor Shield on store